Tourism in Bihar

Bihar (HindiबिहारUrduبہار‎, pronounced [bɪˈɦaːr] (About this sound listen)) in eastern India is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world with a history going back 3000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments that are dotted all over the state. Bihar is home to many tourist attractions and is visited by large numbers of tourists from all over the world.[1] Around total 6 million tourists visit Bihar every year.[1]

History of Tourism

The documented history of tourism in Bihar region dates back to the 4th century BCE. Greek geographer Megasthenes (c. 350–290 BC) visited the region in reign of Chandragupta Maurya.[2] His observations were recorded in Indika.[3] Dionysiuswas son of Megasthenes, who visited Pataliputra in reign of Ashoka.[4] Hsuan-Tsang and I Ching visited Nalanda to study in the 7th century. educational tourism as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[5][6]

Archaeological sites





Bihar one of the most sacred place of various religions like HinduismBuddhismJainismSikhism & Islam, Many tourist travel to Bihar to visit their pilgrimage.

Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is one of the longest bridge in the world

Hindu pilgrimages

Sikh pilgrimages

The capital of Bihar, Patna is one of the holiest city in Sikhism, as The tenth Guru of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh was born here in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur.[8] Patna was also honoured by visits from Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666.

Buddhism pilgrimages

Islamic pilgrimages

Jain pilgrimages

  • Rajgir – Rajgir is supposed to be the birthplace of Munisuvrata, the twentieth Tirthankara
  • Pawapuri – Bhagwan Mahavira, the last Jain Tirthankar, attained Nirvana from Pawapuri.
  • Pataliputra
  • Arrah
  • Vikramashila
  • Vaishali
  • Champapur – Champapur is a Jain Teerth Kshetra. It is the place where all the five kalyanaks of Bhagwan Vasupujya have taken place. The tallest statue of Bhagwan Vasupujya which stands 31 Feet in height was built in Champapur in 2014. The Panch Kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsav of the statue was done from 27 Feb to 3 Mar 2014

Other pilgrimages

Buildings and structures


History museums
  • Bihar Museum – currently opened only partially and under construction, would be the state museum replacing Patna Museum.
  • Patna Museum – is the state museum of Bihar. It was built by the British during the British Raj in the year 1917 to house the historical artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna.[14]
  • Jalan Museum
  • Darbhanga Museum
  • Nalanda Museum
  • Bodh Gaya Museum
  • Vaishali Museum
  • Vikramshila Museum

Science museums

Eco Center

Fairs and festivals

Connectivity and access

Bihar is also an important transit point of Bihar for the tourists dropping in from the other states of India. Bihar is well-connected by air, rail and road transport.

  • By air

Patna has its own airport known as Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport or Airport Patna. It is a national airport and it is connected to all major cities of India via daily flights. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar and Jharkhand which 96 km from Patna. It is an international airport which is connected to Colombo, Sri Lanka through two airline operators: BangkokThailandSingapore, and Bhutan.

  • By rail

Bihar is strategically located in the main line of the East Central Railway and therefore connected with important cities of India and most cities within Bihar.

  • By road

The cities of Bihar are well connected by public transport including both private and government transport. The cities are interconnected as well as connected with the capital. The roadways also connected to adjacent states and regular bus service is available for different cities of adjacent states like JharkhandWest BengalUttar Pradesh. The roadways also connects to Nepal. To boost the state roadways, the state government have introduced Mercedes Benz luxury buses. The Mercedes luxury buses, 92 in number, ply between 17 routes including PatnaBhagalpurGayaRanchi and Jamshedpur.

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